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tx.origin detector#

Name: tx-origin

Phishing attacks#

Access controls based on tx.origin are vulnerable to phishing attacks. The attacker may convince the user to send a transaction to an attacker's contract. The attacker's contract may then call the victim's contract with tx.origin set to the victim's address.


pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract Victim {
    address public owner;

    constructor() {
        owner = msg.sender;

    function withdraw() {
        require(tx.origin == owner, "Not owner"); // (1)!{value: this.balance}("");
  1. An attacker may convince owner to send a transaction to the attacker's contract. tx.origin will be set to owner. Attacker's contract calls withdraw on the victim's contract, withdrawing the victim's funds.

Account abstraction#

Use of tx.origin may prevent users using ERC-4337 account abstraction from interacting with a contract. In this case, tx.origin will not be set to the address of the user operation sender.


pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract Treasury {
    mapping(address => uint256) public deposits;

    function deposit() public payable {
        require(tx.origin == msg.sender, "Only EOAs can deposit"); // (1)!
        deposits[msg.sender] += msg.value;
  1. Users using account abstraction will not be able to deposit funds into the contract.


Command-line name TOML name Type Default value Description
account_abstraction bool true Report ERC-4337 account abstraction related issues.